How is LNG fuel transported and what is its future?

01. 10. 2021


Mr. Ing. Jaroslav Čermák has been involved in the transportation and issue of liquefied natural gas for several decades. That he is a real expert in his field is also proven by his current functions. In Slovakia, he works at Duslo (company in Slovakia) and also works as a safety consultant for dangerous goods according to ADR / RID / IMDG, he is also the coordinator of the national center for accidents with dangerous loads DINS and the head of the working group for logistics and DINS at ZCHFP SR.
Last but not least, he is the coordinator of the ChemLog, ChemLog T & T and ChemMUltimodal projects.
In order to learn more about LNG fuel and its transportation, we have prepared an interview with Mr. Ing. Čermák.
 
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Mr. Čermák presenting on conference

How long have you been working with LNG?
I started working with LNG issues after coming to Duslo (company in Slovakia) in 1988 as a technical development worker, when the liquefaction station in Duslo was put into operation. At that time, we tested the first LNG tractor and prepared the first LNG transport in a tank truck.

What interesting projects have you solved?
I managed to build a system for the transport of dangerous goods according to ADR / RID / IMDG in Duslo. I participated in the construction and maintenance of the DINS emergency system and its national center in Duslo as part of the European ICE network at CEFIC. I was preparing the construction and operation of the port of river Váh and managed the loading of the first 60 ships in 1998-2001



 
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LNG Gas station

 

What makes LNG transport special and what are the safety requirements?
LNG is a flammable gas liquefied at a temperature of -163 ° C. This results in demands on materials and structures. Its gasification produces natural gas, the flammability of which is well known. I was interested in the solution of its transports, to what extent I consider sea tankers with a capacity of up to 200,000 m3 to be the top in maritime logistics.

Where do you see the main advantages of LNG ?
Currently, the priority is CO2 emissions, which are lower than for diesel. Lower fuel costs can only be achieved if fuel logistics is well addressed.

LNG and road freight transport. Do you think this is the future?
It certainly has a future, as more LNG vehicles and LNG filling stations are increasing in coastal countries. They have a large number of them in ports with LNG terminals and it is enough to distribute them by tankers. But we are a thousand kilometers from the LNG maritime terminals.

How would you conceptually deal with the situation with LNG filling stations?
The construction of an LNG filling station is significantly more expensive than with liquid fuels. EU support programs to reduce the carbon footprint must help here. The question is whether someone will build a liquefaction station or capacity capacity from the port terminal will be resolved. The nearest is the port of Szczecin in Poland. Transport from it in tank trucks would significantly worsen the profitability of LNG.


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Iveco Stralis LNG
 

What is your vision for the use of LNG in the future?
LNG has a perspective as an ecological fuel, as they are already building filling stations for ships in the Baltic and North Seas. I also saw the designs of LNG river tankers for the Danube. Many city buses already run on CNG, which help green public transport with lower emissions. The key is therefore an efficient source of LNG and a network of service stations in Central Europe to make it worthwhile for carriers to invest in LNG trucks.

 
 
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 Fueling LNG to truck
 

Thank you for an interesting interview and we wish you many professional and personal successes.

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